What is Zombie Debt?

Once a certain amount of time has elapsed, a debt collector, credit card company, or creditor can no longer file suit against you to collect on the debt, but you still have to worry about a collector trying to collect this zombie debt.

What is a Zombie Debt?

Zombie debt is old debt that is usually charged off as bad debt by the original creditor and later sold to a collection agency.

In many cases, zombie debt is legally unenforceable, meaning that, unlike your current creditors, zombie debt collectors cannot sue you to collect the debt.

But, there is no law against trying to collect the debt, and many consumers end up paying the debt.

How zombie debt works

Debt collectors cannot take you to court for zombie debts, but they may contact you to collect the debt.

The cost to buy expired debt is often low, so when consumers agree to repay their old debts, zombie-debt collectors can earn decent profits.

Debts that zombie-debt collectors try to collect

If you completed a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, your unsecured debts may be discharged, which means you are no longer obligated to pay these debts.

  • Time-barred debt

Except for federal student loans, most debts have a statute of limitations. This means after a certain amount of time has passed, a debt collector can no longer sue you to collect on the debt.

The statute of limitations on debt in Georgia usually ranges from four to six years.

  • Debt that is not yours

A debt collector mixes you up with another consumer, or someone could steal your identity and make fraudulent charges in your name.

Even though it is not your debt, the debt collector will try to collect from you.

How to protect yourself from zombie debt collectors

If a zombie debt collector continues to call you even though your debt is time-barred or the debt is not yours, consider taking one of the following approaches.

  1. Tell the debt collector to stop contacting you

Under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act [the “FDCPA”], you have the right to tell a debt collector not to contact you.

If a zombie-debt collector violates the FDCPA by harassing or threatening to sue you, contact a consumer rights attorney immediately.

  1. Ask the zombie debt collector to validate the debt

If you are unsure whether a debt belongs to you, contact the creditor and ask for a validation notice. This notice should contain the amount of the debt, who the original creditor is, and when the debt was incurred. Compare this to your records.

If the debt is not yours or the amount is incorrect, send a dispute letter to the creditor and contact a consumer’s rights lawyer.

Contact an Atlanta Debt Defense Lawyer

A debt collection defense attorney has experience standing up against debt collection agencies. They can provide you with the legal representation you need when dealing with any debt collection issue.

The bottom line

If a debt collector contacts you about a debt that has expired, has already been paid off, or does not belong to you, you are not legally responsible for repaying it.

If you are dealing with any debt collection legal matter in Atlanta, GA, call the skilled consumer rights lawyer at Diwan Law, LLC. Call 404-635-6883 to schedule an initial consultation today.

Diwan Law is qualified to handle debt collection matters involving the following types of debt (not an exhaustive list):

  • Credit Card Debt
  • Department Store / Retail Debt
  • Car, Truck, Vehicle, Auto Loans
  • Boat and other Recreational Vehicle Loans
  • Home Loans
  • Personal Loans

No FDCPA Violation Exists If Settlement Offer Fails to Disclose Accruing Interest

The U. S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that a debt collector did not violate the FDCPA by sending the consumer a settlement offer letter that did not disclose that his balance could increase due to interest and fees.

In Cortez v. Forster & Garbus, LLP, a creditor placed a consumer’s credit card debt with a debt collector for collection. After obtaining a default judgment, the debt collector sent several collection notices to the consumer.

One such notice provided the consumer various settlement options to satisfy the debt at a “substantial discount off the current balance due.” But, the settlement letter did not disclose that interest was continuing to accrue on the debt.

The consumer filed an action against the collection agency accusing it of violating the Fair Debt Collections Practices Act’s [the “FDCPA”] prohibition against false, deceptive, or misleading representations when collecting a debt, 15 U.S.C. § 1692e, for failing to disclose that interest was accruing on the account.

The Court ruled that, though a debt collector is required to disclose that the balance may increase due to interest and fees, the rule did not apply in this case because the settlement proposal clearly stated that acceptance of one of the options would satisfy the debt, and could not mislead the consumer.

The Cortez decision may limit some potential FDCPA lawsuits, but it does not close the door on all FDCPA lawsuits related to settlement offers.

If you believe that an abusive debt collector, creditor, or credit card company has violated your consumer rights, then Diwan Law can help you. Contact us today at 404-635-6883 to speak to an Atlanta consumer rights attorney.

Debt Collection Defense Attorney

What is a Debt Collection Defense Attorney?

A debt collection defense attorney is the lawyer you turn to when your credit card company or a debt collector files a lawsuit against you for an unpaid balance.

While many people believe that they have to pay every penny claimed by the debt collector, thousands of lawsuits are successfully concluded, with the consumer paying little to nothing.

Our debt Atlanta defense collection lawyer will be your advocate, protecting your rights.

How a Debt Collection Defense Attorney Can Help

A debt collection defense attorney will defend you from the adverse effects of a credit card company or debt collector filing a lawsuit. Diwan Law is well versed in collection litigation and has the necessary knowledge and experience to stand by you in the fight against credit card companies or debt collectors.

Many people have no idea about the legal implications of dealing with debt collection companies because they are not educated about their rights. A lawsuit can easily cost you thousands of dollars, and if you are unaware of all your legal rights, you could lose thousands more in the end. This is why a debt collection defense attorney is essential.

Diwan Law will assert all viable defenses you may have, file the appropriate motions, and negotiate with the creditor.

What to Expect from a Debt Collection Defense Lawyer

Diwan Law works with people facing trouble with their credit card companies and other creditors. Diwan Law will provide advice about your rights and the law when dealing with a debt collection lawsuit.


Diwan Law is dedicated to representing consumers’ rights and works hard to get our clients the best result possible.

Diwan Law handles the defense of debt collection actions against consumers in the Magistrate, State, and Superior Courts of Georgia.

Diwan Law represents clients facing:

  • Debt buyer debt collection lawsuits (i.e. Midland Funding, Portfolio Recovery Associates, Asset Acceptance, Cavalry Portfolio Services, Unifund, etc.);
  • Original creditor debt collection lawsuits (i.e. American Express, Citibank, Suntrust, etc.);
  • Debt collection lawsuits arising from credit cards, automobile repossession deficiencies, apartment leases, and other contract-related matters;
  • Dormant judgment revival; and
  • Garnishment actions on bank accounts or wages.

Contact Diwan Law at 404-635-6883 for a free case evaluation.

What is a debt collector

What is a Debt Collector?

A “debt collector,” as defined by the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act [“FDCPA”], is a person or a business that regularly collects debts owed to another. Still, this definition does not fully explain what a debt collector is.

Most first-party creditors [credit card company or bank] or lenders will try to collect debts themselves before resorting to writing it off. Typically, past-due accounts won’t be charged off until they’re 120 to 180 days late.

After a consumer defaults on a loan, the account is sent to a third-party debt collector or buyer [hereinafter referred to as “debt collector”]. The debt collector then attempts to collect on the debt, rather than the first-party creditor or lender to whom the debt is originally owed.

The collection agencies and attorneys who collect these debts as part of their regular course of business are considered debt collectors. Also included are businesses that buy past-due debts from creditors or other companies and then try to collect them.

The debt collection market is significant and affects many people. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau [“CFPB”] states that around one-third of consumers with a credit bureau file reported contact from at least one debt collector.

The FDCPA is the main federal statute regulating the consumer debt collection market. The FDCPA prohibits debt collectors from engaging in certain types of behavior [such as misrepresentation or harassment] when seeking to collect debts from consumers and grants consumers the right to dispute or stop some communications about an alleged debt.

The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act covers personal, family, and household debts, including hospital bills, credit cards, and car loans.

If a debt collector is contacting you, you need to speak to a consumer’s rights lawyer.

Contact Diwan Law at 404-635-6883 for a free case evaluation.

violations of the fdcpa

Common Violations of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act

Are you being harassed by debt collectors? Contact Diwan Law today at 404-635-6883 to schedule a free consultation to discuss how the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act [FDCPA] can help you.

When you fall behind on your debts, it seems like your creditors will stop at nothing to try to get you to make a payment. Fortunately, Federal law prohibits a wide range of unfair and abusive debt collection activities.

The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act [FDCPA)] protects consumers from harassment and abusive behavior by debt collectors and collection law firms.

If a debt collector violates the FDCPA, consumers may pursue a lawsuit against the collector. If successful, the consumer is entitled to monetary damages, and the debt collector or collection law firm will also be responsible for the customer’s legal fees.

Typical Violations of the FDCPA:

  • Harassment;
  • Verbal abuse;
  • Continuing to call a consumer after the customer has told the debt collector to stop;
  • Writing or calling the consumer after being notified that a lawyer represents the customer;
  • Threatening to report the consumer to the IRS;
  • Threatening to have the consumer arrested if he or she does not pay the debt collector;
  • Threatening to file a lawsuit against the consumer when none is intended;
  • Calling a consumer’s cell phone without permission;
  • Placing personal information on an envelope;
  • Misrepresenting or inflating the amount of the debt;
  • Failing to disclose that the company is a debt collector;
  • Contacting a consumer after 9 pm or before 8 am;
  • Threatening to take legal action, or sue, on a time-barred or “stale” debt.

If you believe a debt collector has violated the FDCPA, you may be able to take legal action and recover monetary damages. Contact Diwan Law at 404-635-6883 for a free case evaluation.


Debt Collection Defense Attorney: Are you being sued by Midland Credit Management or Midland Funding?

Are you being sued by Midland Credit Management?

Are you being sued by Midland Credit Management or Midland Funding?  Midland Credit Management (MCM) and Midland Funding lawsuits can be intimidating and financially devastating. You need a Debt Collection Defense Attorney, Diwan Law, on your side.

What is Midland Credit Management and Midland Funding?

Midland Credit Management (MCM) and Midland Funding lawsuits can be intimidating and financially devastating. You need a Debt Collection Defense Attorney, Diwan Law, on your side.

Midland Credit Management and Midland Funding are debt collection agencies. Debt collectors buy delinquent accounts from banks, credit unions, consumer finance companies, hospitals, auto finance companies, and telecommunication companies.

When a person falls behind on credit card or car payments, he or she will receive a non-stop string of calls and letters from debt collectors, such as Midland Credit Management or Midland Funding.

If you ignore those calls and letters long enough, the debt collector will hire a lawyer who will send you an attorney collection letter.

A debt collection attorney’s collection letter is the last step before the collection agency files a lawsuit against an individual.

Many people think debt buyers, like Midland Credit Management and Midland Funding, prefer to avoid lawsuits because it requires them to pay lawyers and incur litigation costs. This is not true. If this were true, credit card lawsuits would be far less common than is the case.

What to do if you are being sued by Midland Credit Management or Midland Funding 

You need to respond quickly when a debt collection company serves you with a lawsuit. The worst response is to do nothing. If you do not respond to the lawsuit, the debt collector may get a default judgment against you. Besides obtaining a judgment for the principal, the debt collector may be awarded attorney’s fees for the collection of the judgment.

Armed with the default judgment, the debt collection company can garnish your wages and bank accounts. What’s worse is that the judgment continues to accrue interest as the balance remains unpaid.

Before accepting a judgment against you, speak with a Debt Defense Lawyer

A collections defense attorney will explain your rights and the legal process, such as how long you have to answer the lawsuit, the proven defenses, and the impact of a judgment.

Contact Diwan Law

Our law firm is experienced in debt collection law and has an established record of protecting consumer’s rights and explaining your options to you when a company like Midland Funding or Midland Credit Management sues you. No matter where you are in the collection process, you deserve to know your rights and what to expect. Give us a call at 404.635.6883.

Debt Collection Defense: Violations of the FDCPA

Consumer Rights Attorney: Violations of the FDCPA

If you have been one of the many victims of unlawful debt collection practices, then an experienced consumer rights attorney can protect your rights. Contact Diwan Law today at 404-635-6883 to schedule your consultation to discuss these violations of the FDCPA.

Protection from Unlawful Debt Collection Practices

Debt Collection agencies often employ persistent and overly aggressive tactics when attempting to collect outstanding debts. Many of these tactics are against the law.

Consumer protection statutes prohibit such behavior and allow for the recovery of damages and attorney fees.

The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act [“FDCPA”] specifically prevents these abusive debt collection practices.

Violations of the FDCPA

The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act regulates debt collection practices. It prohibits debt collection companies from using abusive, unfair or deceptive practices to collect debts from you.

Examples of the types of consumer debt covered by the FDCPA:

  • Mortgages
  • Credit cards debt
  • Medical debts
  • Car loans

Courts measure violations of the FDCPA by an objective standard called the “least sophisticated consumer” standard. See Jeter v Credit Bureau Inc., 754 F.2d 907, 913 (11th Cir., 1985).

FDCPA Restrictions on communications by debt collectors with Consumers when collecting a debt

  • Time and placedebt collectors may not contact you at an unusual time or place. [Generally speaking, they are prohibited from contacting consumers before 8 a.m. or after 9 p.m.]
  • Harassment- Debt collectors may not harass you over the phone or through any other form of contact.
  • Representation by an attorney- A debt collector may not contact you if a lawyer is representing you.

Examples of FDCPA violations in collections lawsuits

  • Prosecuting a Lawsuit Against A Consumer After the Statute of Limitations Expires

Continuing to prosecute a time-barred claim is a violation of the FDCPA’s prohibition against making false and misleading claims about the debt’s legal status. Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, 15 U.S.C. §1692e.

  • False and Misleading Statements About the Amount Owed

It is a violation of the FDCPA’s to file a lawsuit against a consumer for more than is owed. This action is a direct violation of the FDCPA’s prohibition against false or misleading statements. 15 U.S.C. § 1692e.

If you believe that an abusive debt collector has violated your consumer rights, then Diwan Law can help you. Contact us today at 404-635-6883 to learn more.

Garnishment Lawyer: Wage Garnishment or Continuing Garnishment

Garnishment Lawyer: Wage Garnishment

As an experienced wage garnishment lawyer, Diwan Law can guide your case through the garnishment process.

What is a wage garnishment?

Garnishment is a legal method by which a creditor may recoup a debt owed by an individual or company.

After a creditor, such as a credit card company, obtains a judgment against a customer, the debt collector can initiate a separate lawsuit against a third party [“the garnishee”] that owes money or property to the individual.

The garnishee in a wage garnishment is usually an employer.

Note: Recent changes to the garnishment statute allow creditors to file continuing garnishments against not only a judgment debtor’s employer, but also against a person or entity “under periodic obligations for payment” to the judgment debtor/defendant. This expands the garnishee target list for collection to better fit the current “gig” economy.

Once served with the garnishment action, the garnishee must retain a portion of the employee’s earnings each paycheck to satisfy the garnishment.

Under Georgia law, a garnishee can only withhold up to twenty-five percent of the employee’s disposable earnings for that week.

Until recently, wage garnishment actions had a relatively short shelf life in that garnishees were only obligated to withhold the earnings from each of the employee’s paychecks for a total period of 179 days [roughly 6 months]. A recent amendment to the garnishment statute expanded that time period to 1,095 days (3 years).

Wage Garnishment Defenses

Both federal and Georgia laws govern garnishment actions and protect consumers from excessive withholdings.

An experienced wage garnishment defense attorney can assert several defenses on behalf of a customer. The most common defenses are:

  • The judgment has expired;
  • Federal and Georgia law exempts the funds from wage garnishment;
  • The judgment was satisfied [paid];
  • The consumer filed for chapter 7 or chapter 13 bankruptcy;
  • The plaintiff failed to follow proper procedure in the garnishment action.

Diwan law can guide your case through the garnishment process and be your lawyer to stop the garnishment.

Contact Diwan Law, your wage garnishment lawyer, at 404.635.6883 to discuss your case today.


At Diwan Law, we take consumer rights violations very seriously and work with individuals throughout Atlanta and the surrounding communities who have been victims of used car dealer fraud.

Used Car Dealer Fraud

Buying a used car in Georgia can be a great and exhilarating experience, but it can quickly turn into a headache if it turns out that the car dealer acted fraudulently. Fortunately, state and federal laws protect consumers from dealerships that take advantage of their customers.

Car purchases and leases are complicated transactions with which most Atlanta consumers have little experience. They involve Georgia titling and registration laws, trade-ins, financing, leasing, insurance, options, and other fees. Car dealers are well-versed in these transactions and sometimes take advantage of consumers.

A surprising number of Georgia new and used car sales involve auto dealer fraud, deception, and unfair business practices.

Common Auto Dealer Scams 

Odometer Fraud: is a type of auto sales fraud that involves manipulating the odometer, so that it shows a number that is less than the actual mileage of the automobile.

“Yo-Yo Financing”: allowing a customer to leave the dealership with a vehicle under the mistaken belief that a loan application is approved and then having the consumer return to sign for a different, more expensive loan; and backdating new financing documents to the original purchase date.

Auto Fraud Involving Wrecked & Salvaged Autos: Used car dealers sell used cars that have been wrecked or salvaged without disclosing this to the buyer. If a car is in a wreck, even if it is adequately repaired, the automobile is worthless, and any equity the consumer had in the vehicle is gone.

“Bait and Switch” scheme: Advertising a vehicle for a specific amount and then telling consumers that the published deal is no longer being offered and offering to sell the consumer the same car at an increased price.

Most times, customers would not have purchased the vehicle had the used car dealer not made representations about the mileage or quality and condition. The used auto dealer’s failure to disclose the condition of the car is a direct violation of the Georgia Fair Business Practices Act.

If this happens to you, under Georgia and Federal laws, you may be entitled to recover damages and compensation from the used car dealer.

If you have been a victim of car dealer fraud or car repair fraud, Diwan Law may be able to help.

Contact an experienced Atlanta Used Car Dealer Fraud Attorney, 404-635-6883, to discuss your case.